Genres of Literature Genres of literature are important to learn about. The two main categories separating the different genres of literature are fiction and nonfiction. There are several genres of literature that fall under the nonfiction category. Nonfiction sits in direct opposition to fiction.
Jeffrey and Lonette Stayton Awards for Writing Charlotte Perkins Gilman had no way of knowing that a story she wrote in would one day be regarded as a classic in feminist literature.
Early readers were appreciative of the sheer horror of the tale, and, indeed, it still stands as a wonderful example of the genre. As Gary Scharnhorst points out, this treatment originated with Dr. He could be viewed as the patriarchy itself, as Beverly Hume says, with his dismissal of all but the tangible and his constant condescension to his wife, but some critics have viewed this character as near-caricature Many of the passages concerning the husband can be interpreted as containing sarcasm, a great many contain irony, and several border on parody Johnson And he is also transformed at the end of the tale—in a reversal of traditional gothic roles—because it is he, not a female, who faints when confronted with madness Central to the story is the wallpaper itself.
Her obsession with the paper begins subtly and then consumes both the narrator and the story. The design begins to fascinate the narrator and she begins to see more than just the outer design. Further, according to Bak, this new prison, as described by Michael Foucault in Discipline and Punishinvolved observance of prisoners at all times Bak goes on to suggest that the nursery room, with its barred windows and rings in the wall, was designed for the restraint of mental patients, but other critics assert that these were in fact common safety precautions used in Victorian nurseries and that such interpretations are extreme.
As the story progresses, the narrator identifies more and more with the figure in the wallpaper, until in one of the most controversial statements in the entire text she refers to herself in the third person.
Probably the most common interpretation of this line assumes Jane to be the previously unmentioned name of the narrator. With that in mind, we will assume for convenience sake that the name Jane does in fact refer to the narrator herself.
These statements ring true regarding Victorian sexuality; it was as immobile as the unmoving bedstead. A Victorian wife belonged to her husband and her body was his to do with whatever he pleased.
In this context, the image of the nailed-down bed becomes perhaps the most understandable symbol in the entire story. What of the narrator herself and her madness? The narrator is presented as an artist at least in a small way and a writer and it is through her writing, Johnson says, that her suppressed rage becomes apparent There is further justification in believing her madness to be temporary.
Almost all writings on the story have a alluded to this connection; some discuss it at length. Perhaps the comparison is inevitable, as Bertha Mason is probably the most well-known example of a gothic madwoman. Greg Johnson says it is the anger, the boiling rage, of these alter egos that results in eventual triumph over their patriarchal influences There is another similarity between Bertha Mason and the narrator of our tale: This may be an identification with animal behavior or a way to explain that both characters have lost touch with civilization or the patriarchy.
Is she truly an unreliable narrator, sinking steadily into irretrievable madness? Or is she exhibiting the only sane response to an insane world order?
Does she find doom in her madness? Or triumph and freedom at last? However, as both Johnson and King and Morris point out, it is this response which grants her freedom in the end. So when the narrator destroys the paper and pulls it down in the end, it might be symbolic of the destruction of her other self.
In fact, it is significant that the entire story revolves around wallpaper, which would be considered by many to be merely feminine frivolity. In the story, the pregnant woman had requested that the wallpaper be changed in her room.
Modern women, by reading such texts, can gain a new perspective on our present situation. We can also learn to avoid past pitfalls. Works Cited Bak, John S. An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama.
Kennedy and Dana Gioia. King, Jeannette and Pam Morris. Lynette Carpenter and Wendy K. U of Tennessee P, Fiction is a general term used to describe an imaginative work of prose, either a novel, short story, or novella.
Recently, this definition has been modified to include both nonfiction works that contain imaginative elements, like Midnight in the Garden Of Good and Evil by John Berendt (Random House. Pages in category "Horror films by genre" The following 6 pages are in this category, out of 6 total.
This list may not reflect recent changes (). Different cities tend have their own slight differences in their common Goth fashions.
I have been to clubs and/or concerts in Los Angeles, San Francisco, Denver, San Diego, New Orleans, Las Vegas and Chicago, and Salt Lake City. Gothic Novels: Background and Origin 'It was a dark and stormy night ' We all love a good ghost story or horror film, and these forms of entertainment share some characteristics with the Gothic.
Oct 29, · It's Halloween time again, and that can only mean one thing: time for a new horror movie list for your viewing/nightmare pleasures! For this year's list, I decided to provide you with the top Aug 27, · Since horror itself is a genre of literature or storytelling, many horror genres can be seen as sub-genres or different aspects of the overall genre of horror itself.
In general, horror stories are meant to incite a feeling of .