Heisig, Philosophers of Nothingness: On the Translation of God.
In it he discussed the most pressing problem of natural theology: Buckland considered the depredation of "carnivorous races" as the primary challenge to an idealized world where the lion might dwell with the lamb. He resolved the issue to his satisfaction by arguing that carnivores actually increase "the aggregate of animal enjoyment" and "diminish that of pain.
God knew what he was doing when he made lions. Buckland concluded in hardly concealed rapture: The appointment of death by the agency of carnivora as the ordinary termination of animal existence, appears therefore in its main results to be a dispensation of benevolence; it deducts much from the aggregate amount of the pain of universal death; it abridges, and almost annihilates, throughout the brute creation, the misery of disease, and accidental injuries, and lingering decay; and impose such salutary restraint upon excessive increase of numbers, that the supply of food maintains perpetually a due ratio to the demand.
The result is, that the surface of the land and depths of the waters are ever crowded with myriads of animated beings, the pleasures of whose life are coextensive with its duration; and which throughout the little day of existence that is allotted to them, fulfill with joy the functions for which they were created.
Yet this argument could not abolish the problem of evil entirely, for nature includes many phenomena far more horrible in our eyes than simple predation.
In no other way can I explain why Alien, an uninspired, grade-C, formula horror film, should have won such a following.
That single scene of Mr. Alien popping forth as a baby parasite from the body of a human host, was both sickening and stunning.
Our nineteenth-century forebears maintained similar feelings. The classic case, treated at length by all great naturalists, invoked the so-called ichneumon fly. Buckland had sidestepped the major issue.
The "ichneumon fly," which provoked such concern among natural theologians, was actually a composite creature representing the habits of an enormous tribe. In addition, many non-ichneumonoid wasps of similar habits were often cited for the same grisly details.
The ichneumon, like most wasps, generally live freely as adults but pass their larva life as parasites feeding on the bodies of other animals, almost invariably members of their own phylum, the Arthropoda.
The most common victims are caterpillars butterfly and moth larvaebut some ichneumons prefer aphids and other attack spiders. Most host are parasitized as larvae, but some adults are attacked, and many tiny ichneumons inject their brood directly into the eggs of their host.
The free-flying females locate an appropriate host and then convert it into a food factory for their own young. Parasitologists speak of ectoparasitism when the uninvited guest lives on the surface of its host, and endoparasitism when the parasite dwells within.
Among endoparasitic ichneumons, adult females pierce the host with their ovipositor and deposit eggs within. The ovipositor, a thin tube extending backward from the wasp's rear end, may be many times as long as the body itself.
Usually, the host is not otherwise inconvenienced for the moment, at least until the eggs hatch and the ichneumon larvae begin their grim work of interior excavation.
Among ectoparasites, however, many females lay their eggs directly upon the host's body.Anthropocentrism is the position that human beings are the central or most significant species on the planet, or the assessment of reality through an exclusively human plombier-nemours.com term can be used interchangeably with humanocentrism, while the first concept can also be referred to as human supremacy.
Environmental ethics is the discipline in philosophy that studies the moral relationship of human beings to, and also the value and moral status of, the environment and its non-human contents.
Humanism, system of education and mode of inquiry that originated in northern Italy during the 13th and 14th centuries and later spread through continental Europe and plombier-nemours.com term is alternatively applied to a variety of Western beliefs, methods, and philosophies that place central emphasis on .
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Nonmoral Nature. by Stephen Jay Gould. hen the Right Honorable and Reverend Francis Henry, earl of Bridgewater, died in February, , he left £8, to support a series of books "on the power, wisdom and goodness of God, as manifested in the creation.".
Biocentrism (from Greek βίος bios, "life" and κέντρον kentron, "center"), in a political and ecological sense, as well as literally, is an ethical point of view that extends inherent value to all living things.
It is an understanding of how the earth works, particularly as it relates to biodiversity. It stands in contrast to anthropocentrism, which centers on the value of humans.