Sanskrit literature can be classified under six orthodox heads and four secular heads. The six orthodox sections form the authoritative scriptures of the Hindus. The four secular sections embody the later developments in classical Sanskrit literature.
There is the existence of boy geniuses, A child plays on the piano, A child delivers lectures, A boy solves great mathematical problems. A child narrates his previous life, One becomes a full-blown Yogi, This proves that there is rebirth: Buddha gained experiences in several births.
He became Buddha only in his last birth. He who has a taste for music, Gains experiences in several births, And becomes a master of music in one birth, He cuts grooves for music in each birth, Slowly develops tendency and aptitude, And becomes an expert musician in one birth; So is the case with every Art.
The baby sucks, the young duck swims, Who taught this? They are The Samskaras or the tendencies of previous births.
In one birth all virtues cannot be developed. By gradual evolution only, one can be cultivated.
Saints possess excellence in all virtues, The existence of saints and adepts Indicates that there is rebirth. Today we have a perpetual demand for concrete evidence en masse, not of solitary prodigies. The doctrine of cause and effect and the consequent inevitability of reincarnation has been the very bedrock of the Hindu philosophy.
Then the question will arise, if one is to believe that his present life is resultant of the actions done in his previous birth, what was it that caused that previous birth? Well, another previous birth. But what was the cause of that birth, again? Now, to answer this, we have to fall back upon the law of evolution and say that in the long, distant past we had been once animals and from that strata of life we became human beings.
But the question would again arise that in order to justify the theory of cause and effect there must have been some cause as well to be born as human beings, and since animals have no intellect to judge between virtue and vice, how could we be held responsible for our birth into the family of Man?
It does not matter; let us tentatively accept this illogical hypothesis to be true, and lead ourselves back into the family of worms and then into the vegetable and the mineral kingdoms, and finally arrive at the conclusion that God must have been the original cause responsible.
But, believing in the theory of cause and effect, how indeed, for all the world of reason, could God be so unjust and undeniably become the original cause for all the suffering, conflict and unhappiness that we must undergo, born as we are as human beings? There is no answer for the original cause.
The best course is: Be good and do good, believe in a good conscience and respect the worthiness of the individual and the ethics of life, leaving the rest to God. There are many things beyond the orbit of the human mind, and knowledge of the Self, however imposing the term might be, is the only answer to them.
Nevertheless the concept of rebirth cannot be so easily brushed aside, since there are substantial logical inferences, which yield a strong influence on reason to sustain faith.
In the early phases of Vedic literature there is practically no reference to rebirth and no stigma of sins, or dread of the hell-fire and no heavenly lure for the mortals. But with the beginning of the Aranyaka period, as the Vedic mind progressed from a polytheistic concept of the elemental godhead towards a monistic ideals of the one, absolute Reality, the doctrine of cause and effect and the transmigration of soul was evolved as a logical necessity in order to safeguard an unsullied existence of God in human thought.
A colourful lure of a joyous immortality in the heaven was offered at the same time, directed only to serve the same purpose. But here the principle of evolution was at once discredited and man was either abruptly condemned to hell without a slight afterchance of redemption, or he was over-graciously suspended in the heaven for eternity, with an individualised existence.
Nor was there any answer as to why one man should be flourishing and happy in spite of being wicked and another should be drudging on a life of want, full of wretchedness, in spite of being virtuous. The Indian sages on the contrary offered a better solution and made reincarnation responsible for the evolution of man who alone was the master of his destiny."ALL ABOUT HINDUISM" is intended to meet the needs of those who want to be introduced to the various facets of the crystal that is Hinduism.
Page iii. Vasistha’s * Yoga Swami Venkatesananda STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK PRESS Page iv Disclaimer: This book contains characters with diacritics.
“There are so much blasphemy, adultery, lust, pride, vanity, immodest clothing, idol-making of mortal human beings, greed, gluttony and sinful deeds and speech among countless other sins in today’s media, that it is a real abomination and sickening to behold!
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F IVE hundred years ago the human mind was limited to a tiny patch of space, and the universe must have seemed even smaller after Magellan’s men had girdled the earth. The heavenly bodies were known to be distant, but it was not clear that celestial distances were so much greater than terrestrial.
So Cassini’s proof, in a.d. , that the sun was nearly a hundred million miles away was at.