Pakistan india water dispute essay help

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Pakistan india water dispute essay help

More Essay Examples on Pakistan Rubric Effective river basin management therefore necessitates that water users take into account the relationships, interaction and impact that their actions have on others, especially those downstream.

The Indo-Pak dispute on the Indus basin has drawn immense attention in South Asia and across the world, largely due to the nature of the tense political relationship between the two countries.

A look at India's recurrent drought problem

This attention has grown more intense in recent years, in the aftermath of the Mumbai attacks on 26 Novemberwhich had kindled fears of a nuclear war. Analysts began exploring, not only the sources of the tension between the two nuclear states but also areas which had the potential for increased cooperation and thereby reduce the possibility of a war at any point in the future.

Water is one such area, especially the Indus basin. The system of rivers in the Indus basin comprises 2, miles of the river Indus and its five tributaries from the East — Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej, with an aggregate length of Historical background: The treaty was a result of Pakistani fear that since the source rivers of the Indus basin were in India, it could potentially create droughts and famines in Pakistan, especially at times of war.

The treaty, under Article 5. According to this treaty, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej, which constitute the eastern rivers, are allocated for exclusive use by India before they enter Pakistan.

India–Pakistan relations - Wikipedia

However, a transition period of 10 years was permitted in which India was bound to supply water to Pakistan from these rivers until Pakistan was able to build the canal system for utilization of waters of Jhelum, Chenab and the Indus itself, allocated to it under the treaty.

Similarly, Pakistan has exclusive use of the Western Rivers Jhelum, Chenab and Indus but with some stipulations for development of projects on these rivers in India.

Pakistan also received one-time financial compensation for the loss of water from the Eastern rivers. Since March 31,after the year moratorium, India has secured full rights for use of the waters of the three rivers allocated to it.

For this purpose, treaty creates the Permanent Indus Commission, with a commissioner appointed by each country. They flow from the hills through the arid states of Punjab and Sindh, converging in Pakistan and emptying into the Arabian Sea south of Karachi.

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Where once there was only a narrow strip of irrigated land along these rivers, developments over the last century have created a large network of canals and storage facilities that provide water for more than 26 million acreskm2 — the largest irrigated area of any one river system in the world.

The partition of British India created a conflict over the plentiful waters of the Indus basin. The newly formed states were at odds over how to share and manage what was essentially a cohesive and unitary network of irrigation.

Furthermore, the geography of partition was such that the source rivers of the Indus basin were in India. Pakistan felt its livelihood threatened by the prospect of Indian control over the tributaries that fed water into the Pakistani portion of the basin.

Where India certainly had its own ambitions for the profitable development of the basin, Pakistan felt acutely threatened by a conflict over the main source of water for its cultivable land.

During the first years of partition the waters of the Indus were apportioned by the Inter-Dominion Accord of May 4, This accord required India to release sufficient waters to the Pakistani regions of the basin in return for annual payments from the government of Pakistan.

The accord was meant to meet immediate requirements and was followed by negotiations for a more permanent solution. Neither side, however, was willing to compromise their respective positions and negotiations reached a stalemate.

From the Indian point of view, there was nothing that Pakistan could do to prevent India from any of the schemes to divert the flow of water in the rivers.

pakistan india water dispute essay help

Bythe two sides were no longer meeting and the situation seemed intractable. The Pakistani press was calling for more drastic action and the deadlock contributed to hostility with India. Despite the unwillingness to compromise, both nations were anxious to find a solution, fully aware that the Indus conflict could lead to overt hostilities if unresolved.

The agreement set up a commission to adjudicate any future disputes arising over the allocation of waters. The Permanent Indus Commission has survived two wars and provides an on-going mechanism for consultation and conflict resolution through inspection, exchange of data, and visits.

The Commission is required to meet regularly to discuss potential disputes as well as cooperative arrangements for the development of the basin. Either party must notify the other of plans to construct any engineering works which would affect the other party and to provide data about such works.

In cases of disagreement, a neutral expert is called in for mediation and arbitration. While neither side has initiated projects that could cause the kind of conflict that the Commission was created to resolve, the annual inspections and exchange of data continue, unperturbed by tensions on the subcontinent.

All this work falls within the definition of an aqua war India is preparing to foist on Pakistan. India is rapidly moving towards its target of making Pakistan totally barren by building dams on three major rivers Chenab, Jhelum and Indus flowing into Pakistan from the Indian side of the border.

These dams are being built in shrewd violation of provisions in Indus Water Treaty signed between the two countries to ensure equitable distribution of water resources. India is doing its best to overturn the IWT but Pakistan must not fall into the Indian trap by following a two-pronged strategy.

First, to pursue this case with full vigour, and ensure that the stay is confirmed, second, to utilize this breathing space to start building irrigation-cum-generation projects on the Indus.

However, a permanent solution will involve a settlement of the Kashmir issue. It would mean a general Indo-Pak settlement, ridding us of threat of water projects in Indian Held Kashmir. This will automatically provide legitimacy to all the projects.Indo Pak Water Dispute.

Introduction: South Asian countries, particularly India and Pakistan, have both faced challenges in water management and proper river basin management - Indo Pak Water Dispute introduction.

The consequence of this has been a severe water crisis, which has a bearing on both ground and surface water. The resolution of this dispute was hailed in both countries and is still quoted as a case of successful diplomacy over water sharing between Pakistan and India due to the concessions made under the Salal Agreement signed in April Watch video · Help Customer Service These 5 Facts Explain Why India and Pakistan's Kashmir Dispute Is Going to Get Worse.

BHOPAL, INDIA - SEPTEMBER Muslims burnt the effigy of Pakistan Prime Minister. In addition to Pakistan, India also has signed a 30 year bilateral water sharing agreement with Bangladesh in , but the water crisis between the two states still persists.

Asia Why water scarcity is a bigger threat to Pakistan's security than militancy. Pakistan is facing an acute water shortage and may run dry by , according to a latest study.

After a thorough analysis of the current Pakistan-India relations it can be argued that water dispute is becoming the “core issue” in the Pakistani establishment’s narrative about bilateral problems.

What Are India And Pakistan Really Fighting About?