Stress and law enforcement

Hire Writer Stressor in law enforcement can be categorized into four. The first one is personal life troubles.

Stress and law enforcement

Baughman, PhD; Tara A. The BCOPS study is an investigation of the early or subclinical health consequences of stress in police officers and examines associations between a variety of officer exposures and outcomes including stress, shift work, traumatic incidents, lifestyle factors, stress biomarkers, body measures, and subclinical metabolic and cardiovascular disease.

Prior studies have found police officers to be at increased risk for cardiovascular events1 and suicide. The introduction to the special issue emphasizes that although policing is a psychologically stressful work environment, filled with danger, high demands, ambiguity in work encounters, human misery, and exposure to death, its influences on the psychological well-being and physical health of officers needs further research.

A total of police officers participated in the study which involved questionnaires measuring demographic, lifestyle, and psychological factors, DEXA measurements to record bone density and body composition, ultrasounds of the brachial and carotid arteries, 18 salivary cortisol samples throughout the day and in response to a series of challenges, and blood samples.

A unique feature of this study is the utilization of both objective sleep quality measures obtained by an actigraph—an electronic device that measures the quantity and quality of sleep and daily work history records which date back to These measures allowed researchers to assess the effects of shift work and extended work hours on officer stress and fatigue, and examine the effects of work-related stress and fatigue on cardiovascular and metabolic disease risk.

Preliminary research findings were summarized in a blog. A brief overview of the research featured in the special issue focusing on stress and health in law enforcement follows.

Stress and Sleep

Health Disparities Do health disparities exist for groups strongly influenced by the context of their occupation? Officers were nearly four times more likely to sleep less than six hours in a hour period than the employed population Compared to officers with the lowest perceived stress, female officers with the highest levels of perceived stress were nearly four times more likely and male officers were nearly six times more likely to have poor sleep quality.

Stress and Metabolic Syndrome Police stress, particularly administrative and organizational pressure and lack of support, was associated with metabolic syndrome among female, but not male BCOPS study officers. Of the five metabolic syndrome components abdominal obesity, hypertension, reduced high density lipoprotein cholesterol [HDL-C], elevated triglycerides, and glucose intoleranceabdominal obesity and reduced HDL-C levels were consistently associated with police stress in women.

Obesity and Depression Associations were studied between measures of obesity body mass index [BMI], abdominal height, and waist circumference and depressive symptoms in officers. In men, depression symptoms significantly increased with increasing levels of BMI and abdominal height.

No significant associations were found in women. Sleep Quality and Depression Sleep quality was significantly and independently associated with depressive symptoms, with sleep quality decreasing with increasing depressive symptoms.

Stress and law enforcement

Suicide Risk Previous research indicates that the majority of suicides in working officers occur near retirement eligibility. The notion that retired officers are more likely to commit suicide was examined using employment, retirement, and mortality records for a larger group of Buffalo police officers who worked for five years or more between and Suicide rates were 8.

Cancer Risk Records for the officers who worked between and were later matched with cancer registry records. Among white male officers, Their overall cancer risk was similar to that of the U.

The risk of brain cancer was slightly elevated and was significantly increased for officers with 30 or more years of police service.

Conclusion The results presented in the special issue confirm and extend previous research on police officers. The BCOPS study offers useful information on associations between exposures and outcomes at a point in time. Yet, in an ongoing follow-up study with this same group of police officers, we will confirm if these observed relationships are likely to be causal, that is do earlier exposures to stress and shift work lead to changes in health outcomes over time.

Sources of Police Stress

Additional recommended publications are also available on shift work, sleep, stress, post-traumatic stress disorder, depressive symptoms, early evidence of cardiovascular disease, bone mineral density, lung function, and physical activity.

Hartley is an Epidemiologist in the Biostatistics and Epidemiology Branch. Cardiovascular disease and risk factors in law enforcement personnel: Cardiol Rev 20 4: Frequency and officer profiles.

Suicide and law enforcement pp.Managing Stress in Law Enforcement In order that law enforcers would be productive, the stress should be addressed by helping them deal with it. Management can help decrease stress by developing career growth, career security, and specifying jobs of the law enforcers (Blau, , p.

). Aug 13,  · If law enforcement agencies mandated duty time for officers to attend a gym or participate in PT exercises for 30 minutes 3 times a week this should decrease the effects of stress that officers suffer from.

How police can reduce and manage stress. the following are work-related and individual factors that are likely to cause stress and fatigue in law enforcement officers.

Stress and all the physiological impacts it has upon a law enforcement officer’s body and mind are a major contributing factor to many of the ills that befall police officers and other law enforcement . Enduring stress for a long period of time can lead to anxiety, depression or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

PTSD is a psychological condition marked by an inability to be intimate, inability to sleep, increased nightmares, increased feelings of guilt and reliving the event. For law. Law enforcement officers commonly work extended hours in ever-changing environments that can cause great mental and physical stress.

Enduring fatigue for a long period of time may lead to chronic fatigue syndrome, a health problem characterized by extreme fatigue .

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