Origins[ edit ] The beginnings of Swiss neutrality can be dated back to the defeat of the Old Swiss Confederacy at the Battle of Marignano in September  or the peace treaty the Swiss Confederacy signed with France on November 12,
In however, the League of Nation Letter and Spirit of Neutrality Though neutral Switzerland adhered to the mandatory international rules during World War 2, while the warfaring nations violated even thesespirit of neutrality that was offended by important Swiss actors. This was evidently not the notion of neutrality and so Swiss Federal Councillor [member of government] Max Petitpierre in office had to admit as early as These credits and the deliveries of war material and other products [ Not only had we abandonded integral neutrality, but - even worse - in so doing, we were as a rule deviating from the very notion of neutrality.
Max Petitpierre, speech given at a conference of Swiss diplomates, in: If small nations like Switzerland really want to be neutral, they must adhere not only to the letter but as well to the spirit of neutrality.
In every major conflict of the 20th century the great powers were not willing to respect international rules like neutrality or the Geneva Conventions, if this would have had severe consequences Switzerland and neutrality their military strategy.
But rules must be obeyed by everybody or they cease to be respected altogether. This is true for nations as well as for individuals. The continuing efforts of the USA to exclude its troops from the jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice are not an encouraging sign for the 21st century.
Did Switzerland prolong the war? Findings of the International Commission of Experts The accusation levelled at Switzerland that it contributed to the prolongation of the war and thus the suffering associated with it, was a highly emotional one.
It was raised during the war The theory which maintains that the services, exports, and loans provided by Switzerland influenced the course of the war to a significant degree could not be substantiated.
Strategic bombardment, the battle tactics of the military protagonists, communications systems, and the propaganda war are all important factors on which Switzerland was unable to have any impact, or at least no direct, relevant impact.
Thus neither the arms supplies nor the financing of strategic raw materials had any demonstrable effect on the duration of the war. The Commission found no evidence pointing in this direction. In some areas the presumed effects of the support given to Germany were in fact refuted.
Thus Swiss ball-bearing manufacturers were keen suppliers, but in no way they could compensate for the shortages caused by Allied bombing.
Jud, the figure 0. The whole production capacity of continental Europe, an area having more than 50 times the population of Switzerland was under German control until Switzerland does not have deposits of raw materials. Assessment of an Unsuspicious Expert "Of all the neutrals Switzerland has the greatest right to distinction.
She has been the sole international force linking the hideously-sundered nations and ourselves. What does it matter whether she has been able to give us the commercial advantages we desire or has given too many to the Germans, to keep herself alive? She has been a democratic State, standing for freedom in self defence among her mountains, and in thought, in spite of race, largely on our side.
In an interview to the Swiss popular newspaper Blick he stated: In an interview he even repeats the reproach of war prolongation from his first report of the year Our work obviously is not at all relevant to him.Granting asylum to political refugees has long been a Swiss hallmark, and one of the ways Switzerland influences global politics despite its neutrality.
Sep 18, · Declaring neutrality and being ready to enforce it was and continues to be the best means by which Switzerland can maintain national security. The Swiss population is composed of French, German, Italian, and Romansh speakers.
The roots of the Swiss square flag with the traditional white isosceles cross on a red background date back to the Middle Ages. At that time, Switzerland was a part of the Holy Roman Empire and thus the cross symbolizes Christianity and red color refers to the blood of Christian martyrs.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a country in plombier-nemours.com consists of 26 cantons, and the city of Bern is the seat of the federal authorities.
The sovereign state is a federal republic situated in western, central and southern Europe, and is bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. Switzerland maintained a state of armed neutrality during the First World War.
However, with two of the Central Powers (Germany and Austria-Hungary) and two of the Entente Powers (France and Italy) all sharing borders and populations with Switzerland, neutrality proved plombier-nemours.com December until the spring of Swiss troops were deployed in the Jura along the French border over.
The country adopted an official policy of neutrality. The newspaper is known for its political neutrality.